Renaissance Florence - The Home of Arts, If you are a traveler visiting Renaissance Florence, in the year 1505, it was a major historical city in present-day Italy, it has one of the most outstanding economic, cultural, political, and artistic centres in the Italian peninsula from the late Middle Ages to the Renaissance.

All over Europe, people have heard about the Renaissance or cultural rebirth, that is taking place in this beautiful city. Artists, architects, writers, and scientists are turning out brilliant works. A day spent in this city will motivate you to learn about this new cultural movement. You want to be able to tell people at home about Renaissance Florence.

  • Florence is built on both sides of the Arno river. Its population during the renaissance was about 100000. Most of the famous buildings are on the right bank. Besides its artists, Renaissance Florence was known for its craft workers, such as goldsmiths and leatherworkers.
  • The Duomo stands on the Piazza del Duomo, an open square. In 1418,  Filippo Brunelleschi won a contest to build a dome over the unfinished church. He invented new methods and machines to build it. As in the earlier domes, vaults or pointed arches support the dome. Brunelleschi added a circular support wall, called a drum, to build it higher.
  • The Ponte Vecchio (Old Bridge), built-in 1345, is one of the several bridges across the Arno River. Shops, especially those of goldsmiths, line both sides of the bridges.
  • The Pitti Palace, built in 1458, is on the left bank of the river.
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  • Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446), architect of the Duomo and the Pitti Palace
  • Dante (1265-1321), poet, author of Divine Comedy. Dante pioneered the usage of everyday language, instead of Latin, in literature.
  • Isabella d’ Este (1474-1539), noblewoman and patron of many artists.
  • Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), painter, sculptor, engineer, scientist.
  • Michelangelo (1475-1519), sculptor, painter, architect; sculptor of David (1504).
  • Raphael (1483-1520), painter and architect.

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